Japanese Vocabulary List for Runners

The chart below lists words and phrases that should be useful for runners who wish to communicate in Japanese. Vocabulary has been grouped into the following categories:
cheers, race day, body parts, training, and athletes. Click on the category to jump to that section of the list. Beginners who are unsure how to pronounce Japanese should consult an introductory textbook. You can find a simple introduction here. If you have questions or suggestions, don't hesitate to contact me.

EnglishJapanese (romaji)Japanese (kanji)
Cheers ouen 応援
Push yourself! (most popular) ganbatte, ganbare 頑張って、頑張れ
Push yourself! (Okinawan dialect) chibariyo- ちばりよ〜
Just a bit further! ato mou sukoshi 後もう少し
Fight! faito ファイト
Don't give up! akiramenaide 諦めないで
Thanks a lot arigatou ありがとう
That was a big help tasukatta 助かった
Good job! (after the race) otsukaresama お疲れ様
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Race Dayreesu no hiレースの日
bib number zekken bangou ゼッケン番号
changing room kouishitsu 更衣室
checkpoint kanmon 関門
did not finish (DNF) mikansou 未完走
distance marker kyorihyouji 距離表示
downhill kudarizaka 下り坂
ekiden (long-distance relays, which are very popular in Japan) ekiden 駅伝
finisher kansousha 完走者
first aid station kyuugojo 救護所
gear drop off nimotsu okiba 荷物置き場
goal gooru chiten ゴール地点
halfway point chuukan chiten 中間地点
headwind mukaikaze 向かい風
opening ceremony kaikaishiki 開会式
personal record (PR) jiko saikou kiroku (jiko besuto) 自己最高記録 (自己ベスト)
race guide taikai youkou 大会要項
registration senshu uketsuke 選手受付
sash (used for relays) tasuki
start staato chiten スタート地点
tailwind oikaze 追い風
toilet toire トイレ
turning point orikaeshiten 折り返し点
uphill noborizaka 上り坂
water station kyuusuijo  給水所
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Body Partskarada no bubun体の部分
abdominal muscles fukkin 腹筋
Achilles tendon akiresuken アキレス腱
ankle ashikubi 足首
arch (of the foot) tsuchifumazu 土踏まず
buttocks denbu 臀部
calves fukurahagi ふくらはぎ
diaphram oukakumaku 横隔膜
gluteus maximus daidenkin 大臀筋
hamstring shitsuken 膝腱
heel kakato
hip joint kokansetsu 股関節
instep (of the foot) ashi no kou 足の甲
joint kansetsu 関節
knee hiza
leg ashi
lower back koshi
lower body kahanshin 下半身
pelvis kotsuban 骨盤
shin sune
thigh (quads) futomomo (daitaikin) 太もも(大腿筋)
toe tsumasaki 爪先
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Trainingtoreeninguトレーニング
abdominal exercises fukkin undou 腹筋運動
aerobic exercise yuusanso undou 有酸素運動
anaerobic exercise musanso undou 無酸素運動
anaerobic threshold (AT) musansosei sagyou ikichi 無酸素性作業閾値
arm swing udefuri 腕振り
breathing kokyuu 呼吸
build-up run (neg. splits) birudoappusou ビルドアップ走
carbohydrate tansuikabutsu 炭水化物
core training taikan no hokyou undou 体幹の補強運動
heart rate shinpakusuu 心拍数
heart rate monitor shinpakukei 心拍計
interval intaabaru インターバル
lactate threshold (LT) nyuusansei ikichi 乳酸性閾値
long slow distance (LSD) yukkuri choukyorisou ゆっくり長距離走
protein tanpakushitsu 蛋白質
sense of pace peesu kankaku ペース感覚
stamina jikyuuryoku 持久力
stretching sutorecchingu ストレッチング
strides (sprints) nagashi 流し
taper chousei kikan 調整期間
tempo run peesusou ペース走
training log (journal) toreeningu kiroku (nisshi) トレーニング記録(日誌)
VO2 Max saidai sanso sesshuryou 最大酸素摂取量
watch udedokei 腕時計
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Athletes1senshu選手
Yuko Arimori Arimori Yuuko 有森裕子
Mizuki Noguchi Noguchi Mizuki 野口みずき
Yoko Shibui Shibui Youko 渋井陽子
Naoko Takahashi Takahashi Naoko 高橋尚子
1 In Japanese, the surname is customarily written before the given name, but the order is often reversed when translating Japanese names into English.

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